Department of Mathematics and Statistics
University of Jaffna
DEPARTMENT PROFILE & SUBJECT PROFILE
Orientation Program – 2022
The Department of Mathematics and Statistics: Beginnings and Mission
“Genius is 1 percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration.”
― Thomas A. Edison
The University of Jaffna began functioning as the sixth campus of the University of Ceylon in 1974. The first intake to the Faculty of Science was in October 1974, which was then situated in the Undergraduate Section of Jaffna College. The first head of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics was Professor P. Kanagasabapathy who came from the Peradeniya Campus (now University of Peradeniya). Jaffna was the first to start a degree course in Statistics. The first Professor of Statistics was J. Balan Selliah who was previously attached to Jaffna College. Professor V.Tharmaratnam who specialised in Algebra, and had previously taught in the Colombo Campus (now University of Colombo), joined the Jaffna Campus in 1976. The Jaffna Campus became the University of Jaffna in 1978.
The Campus being new, the new staff worked hard to make it outstanding. Prof. Kanagasabapathy’s selfless dedication left a strong impression on those who studied under him. He strongly believed that the foundations were of utmost importance to the development of a mathematician and insisted that beginners should be taught by the more experienced hands. Some of the early staff members were Miss. Ponnuthurai and Dr.M.Z.M. Malhardeen, who made the students feel at ease, and Mr. Varatharajaperumal was a highly respected teacher of Statistics, who instilled the basics very firmly. Mr. Makinan later became the head of department and served through difficult times until his passing away in 2008. Prof. Tharmaratnam whose counsel was always important was with us until his retirement in 2001, and holds the honorable position of emeritus Professor in Mathematics.
At the start, a third of the students were Sinhalese. The Campus faced a crisis during the August 1977 communal violence. The staff and students saw to the protection of the Sinhalese students and ensured their safe conduct to the South. From that time until 2010, Sinhalese students were not admitted to the University. It was a blow to the University as a place where different views and political persuasions could be aired and discussed openly.
The onset of the civil war in the early 1980s resulted in rising insecurity and saw the departure of several senior academics. Few who went abroad for doctoral studies returned. Yet paradoxically, Jaffna continued to have one of the strongest departments of Mathematics in the country and, but for the war, would have kept this position.
In Lanka, we had the good fortune of inheriting a strong Mathematical tradition, which we need to preserve and strengthen. In developed countries, and especially North America, maintenance of this tradition has become a pressing issue for the future direction of education. In the past, strong grounding in the Mathematical tradition was founded on Euclidian Geometry, Calculus and Algebra and students were encouraged to work many problems on their own. Stakeholders think that, graduates should be readily employable and curriculum should incorporate the necessary soft skills. However, the value of analytical thinking and independent learning should be retained.
The crisis for Mathematics has been aggravated in this country by the inexplicable delay from the O Levels to the university. Ideally it should be not longer than two years, but here it takes nearly four years or more. Someone who gets a pure science degree at the age of 21 has many options for further study and careers. Unfortunately the pressure of advancing age is to take joboriented courses where the intellectual development is limited, and consequently a reluctance to take Mathematics, especially Pure Mathematics.
We wish that those of you who have the patience and confidence in your ability would opt to specialize in Mathematics. Mathematics, it has been said by Carl Friedrich Gauss, is the Queen of Sciences. If we fail to protect the tradition of Mathematics, it would lead to decay in all other sciences. Pathbreaking ideas often come from Pure Mathematics. You also need patience. We began with a quote from Edison. To cite him once more: “I have not failed. I’ve just found 10 000 ways that won’t work.” That is the kind of patience you need for Mathematics, where the satisfaction in discovery or in getting to the bottom of something hard, is correspondingly great.
In upholding standards, the contribution of students is no less important than that of teachers. Teachers could at best guide, but the hard work is yours. You must go to the Library, master your subject matter and feel challenged to learn more. When there is no communication between the teacher and the student, the activity of learning becomes moribund. When you go to a teacher with a difficulty, it is challenging and encouraging to the teacher, who often sees something he has not noticed before. When students do not work tutorials or problems on their own, and rely exclusively on what has been worked on the board, there is pressure on the system, and on us, to lower standards. And what is in the syllabus may not be a reflection on the standard of the degree or what our graduates are capable of.
While we will endeavor to enrich your learning experience, do keep in mind that you play an important role in upholding a strong Mathematical tradition and the value of the degree with which you will soon go out into the world. We are a poor country with meager resources. You do not need costly laboratories for Mathematics. Most of the labour is performed by your intellect. Our Mathematical tradition helped many to go to other countries and shine. Many of our graduates shone in the applied sciences in foreign universities because their basic Mathematics was sound. It is your duty to ensure that the coming generations will have the benefit of this tradition.
Allowed Subject Combinations – Level 1G
Level 1G students are expected to register for three principal subjects along with Auxiliary/ Enhancement course units. The allowed subject combinations from the principal subjects are given in the following table.
Serial
No. 
Principal Subject  
1  2  3  
1  Pure Mathematics  Applied Mathematics  Statistics 
2.  Pure Mathematics  Applied Mathematics  Computer Science 
3.  Pure Mathematics  Applied Mathematics  Physics 
4.  Pure Mathematics  Applied Mathematics  Chemistry 
5.  Statistics  Pure Mathematics  Computer Science 
6.  Computer Science  Pure Mathematics  Physics 
7.  Computer Science  Applied Mathematics  Physics 
8.  Computer Science  Applied Mathematics  Chemistry 
9.  Computer Science  Applied Mathematics  Statistics 
10.  Chemistry  Computer Science  Pure Mathematics 
Principal Subject: Statistics
We are the pioneering Department in Sri Lanka to offer a special degree in Statistics since 1975. At present, in Sri Lanka only four Departments are offering Statistics special degree.
1.What is Statistics?
Even though you may not have realized it, you probably have made some statistical statements in your everyday conversation or thinking. Statements like “I sleep for about eight hours per night on average” and “You are more likely to pass the exam if you start preparing earlier” are actually statistical in nature.
Statistics is the science of learning from data. As a discipline it is concerned with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data. It deals with all aspects of data including the planning of data collection in terms of the design of surveys and experiments. When analyzing data, it is possible to use one or both of statistics methodologies: descriptive and inferential statistics in the analysis of data.
Descriptive statistics are used simply to describe or summarize a collection of data. This is particularly useful in communicating the results of experiments and research. Inferential statistics involves methods of using information from a sample to draw conclusions about the population.
Applied statistics comprises descriptive statistics and the application of inferential statistics. Mathematical statistics is the study of statistics from a mathematical standpoint, using probability theory as well as other branches of mathematics such as linear algebra and analysis. Mathematical statistics includes not only the manipulation of probability distributions necessary for deriving results related to methods of estimation and inference, but also various aspects of computational statistics and the design of experiments.
Therefore, the field of statistics provides the scientist with some of the most useful techniques for evaluating ideas, testing theory, and discovering the truth.
Nowadays, statistics has become an important tool in the work of many academic disciplines such as medicine, agriculture, psychology, education, sociology, engineering, astronomy, biology, economics, genetics, marketing, public health, sports, and physics. Statistics is also important in many aspects of society such as business, industry and government. Because of the increasing use of statistics in so many areas of our lives, it has become very desirable to understand and practice statistical thinking. This is important even if you do not use statistical methods directly.
2.Learning Objective of Statistics:
Have a sound knowledge of the theoretical foundation of statistics including probability, distribution theory and stochastic processes.
Develop the fundamental skills of Applied Statistics, including the design of experiments, sampling and data analysis, time series analysis, forecasting, inference and decision theory.
Be competent in analyzing statistical and mathematical problems arising in the scientific, industrial and financial sectors.
3.Pathway with Statistics as a principal subject:
Irrespective of subject combination, students have the opening to obtain B.Sc. general degree or B.Sc. in special degree. However, special degree programmes have prerequisites. The following Table indicates; openings for special degree programmes to those who offer Statistics as a principal subject.
Subject Combination 
Special Degrees 
Statistics
Pure Mathematics Applied Mathematics 
Bachelor of Science Honours in Statistics
Bachelor of Science Honours in Mathematics 
Statistics
Computer Science Pure Mathematics 
Bachelor of Science Honours in Statistics
Bachelor of Science Honours in Computer Science 
Statistics
Computer Science Applied Mathematics 
Bachelor of Science Honours in Computer Science 
4.Why do we need Statistics?
 Modern technology generates more and more data therefore the decisionmaking processes in the business, research, public and government sectors are increasingly relying on data.\
 People trained in Mathematical Statistical theory and methodology (analytics) and related computer skills are in great demand in the business, industrial, research and government sectors.
 They are employed as statisticians; data miners or managers; statistical, business, quantitative or risks analysts; researchers in the marketing, information and management departments of large businesses; in research sections in the agricultural, medical and biological sciences; in the pharmaceutical industry; in the broader economy and many more.
 In this capacity, they form part of the stimulating and challenging management and decisionmaking processes in large organizations.
5.Career Opportunities:
Statistics is a universal discipline, finding application in all areas of science, and commerce. The truth is that no applied science is complete without statistical reasoning and support. A knowledge of statistics is essential not only to analyse data, but more importantly at the designing stage of an experiment. It is essential that every institute that conducts research must have at least one qualified statistician.
Statistics offers a wide range of career opportunities in many fields. In general, applied statisticians can easily fit into careers in, pharmaceutical, information and communication technology, agriculture, insurance companies, finance companies and banks, market research companies, manufacturing, as private consultants, government departments (e.g. Treasury, Census and Statistics, etc.), and as academics/researchers in universities.
Job Characteristics:
 Use data to solve problems in a wide variety of fields
 Apply mathematical and statistical knowledge to social, economic, medical, political, and ecological problems
 Work individually and/or as part of an interdisciplinary team
 Travel to consult with other professionals or attend conferences, seminars, and continuing education activities
 Advance the frontiers of statistics, mathematics, and probability through education and research
6.Course Units in Statistics:
Level 1G  
Course Code  Course Title  Credit Value  Contact hours  Notional hours  
Theory  Practical  
Semester 1  
STA101G3  Probability Theory  03  45  150  
STA102G2  Introduction to Statistics  02  30  100  
Semester 2  
STA103G3  Basic Statistical Inference  03  45  150  
STA104G2  Applied Statistics I  02  30  100 
Level 2G  
Course Code  Course Title  Credit Value  Contact hours  Notional hours  
Theory  Practical  
Semester 1  
STA201G3  Statistical Theory  03  45  150  
STA202G2  Sampling Techniques  02  30  100  
Semester 2  
STA203G3  Design and Analysis of Experiments  03  40  10  150  
STA204G2  Statistical Inference  02  30  100  
Level 3G  
Course Code  Course Title  Credit Value  Contact hours  Notional hours  
Theory  Practical  
Semester 1  
STA301G3  Regression Analysis  03  40  10  150 
STA302G3  Stochastic Processes  03  45  150  
Semester 2  
STA303G2  Quality Control  02  25  10  100 
STA304G2  Applied Statistics II  02  25  10  100 
STA305G2  Statistical Computing  02  60  100 
Principal Subject: Pure Mathematics
1.What is Pure Mathematics?
Mathematics is the science that deals with the logic of shape, quantity and arrangement. Mathematics is all around us, in everything we do. It is the building block for everything in our daily lives, including mobile devices, architecture (ancient and modern), art, money, engineering, and even sports. Since the beginning of recorded history, mathematic discovery has been at the forefront of every civilized society, and in use in even the most primitive of cultures. The needs of mathematics arose based on the wants of society.
Pure mathematics lies at the heart of Mathematics. Pure mathematics explores the boundary of mathematics and pure reason. It has been described as “that part of mathematical activity that is done without explicit or immediate consideration of direct application,” although what is “pure” in one era often becomes applied later. Finance and cryptography are current examples of areas to which pure mathematics is applied in significant ways.
2.Learning Objectives of Pure Mathematics:
In generic sense, students offering Mathematics attain proficiency in
Critical thinking
The ability to identify, reflect upon, evaluate, integrate, and apply different types of in formation and knowledge to form independent judgments. Analytical and logical thinking and the habit of drawing conclusions based on quantitative information.
Problem solving
The ability to assess and interpret complex situations, choose among several potentially appropriate mathematical methods of solution, persist in the face of difficulty, and present full and cogent solutions that include appropriate justification for their reasoning.
Effective communication
The ability to communicate and interact effectively with different audiences, developing their ability to collaborate intellectually and creatively in diverse contexts, and to appreciate ambiguity and nuance, while emphasizing the importance of clarity and precision in communication and reasoning.
Specific Objectives
 Acquire fundamental knowledge and understanding of theory and techniques in selected areas of mathematics.
 Be able to understand, use and develop abstract concepts.
 Develop problem solving skills and the ability to think logically and analytically.
 Develop a sound understanding of and strong skills in the use of fundamental mathematics, including linear algebra and abstract algebra, set theory, real and complex analysis, geometry and topology.
 Have the ability to apply the basic concepts involved in these subjects to other areas of study, especially applied mathematics, statistics and computer science.
 Understand the basic rules of logic, including the role of axioms or assumptions
 Appreciate the role of mathematical proof in formal deductive reasoning
 Be able to distinguish a coherent argument from a fallacious one, both in mathematical reasoning and in everyday life
 Recognize realworld problems that are amenable to mathematical analysis and formulate mathematical models of such problems
 Apply mathematical methodologies to openended realworld problems
 Recognize connections between different branches of mathematics
 Appreciate the role of mathematical proof as a means of conveying mathematical knowledge
 Understand the differences between proofs and other less formal arguments
 Make vague ideas precise by formulating them in mathematical language
 Describe mathematical ideas from multiple perspectives
3.Career Opportunities:
One of the reasons that mathematicallytrained people are needed in almost every field is that we are known for our excellent problemsolving and critical thinking skills.
 Many topics in “Pure Mathematics” have important applications in computer science.
 Mathematics is often done in conjunction with another field: biology, physics, economics, or a host of others.
 Mathematics assistswell with teaching and/or research.
4.Course Units in Pure Mathematics
Level 1G  
Course Code  Course Title  Credit Value  Contact hours  Notional hours  
Theory  Practical  
Semester 1  
PMM101G3  Foundations of Mathematics  03  45  150  
PMM102G2  Limit Process  02  30  100  
Semester 2  
PMM103G3  Algebra and Number Theory  03  45  150  
PMM104G2  Calculus  02  30  100 
Level 2G  
Course Code  Course Title  Credit Value  Contact hours  Notional hours  
Theory  Practical  
Semester 1  
PMM201G3  Linear Algebra  03  45  150  
PMM202G2  Advanced Calculus  02  30  100  
Semester 2  
PMM203G3  Analysis  03  45  150  
PMM204G2  Linear Algebra and Analytic Geometry  02  30  100 
Level 3G  
Course Code  Course Title  Credit Value  Contact hours  Notional hours  
Theory  Practical  
Semester 1  
PMM301G3  Abstract Algebra  03  45  150  
PMM302G3  Complex Analysis  03  45  150  
Semester 2  
PMM303G3  Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics  03  45  150  
PMM304G3  Geometry  03  45  150 
5.Pathway with Pure Mathematics as a principal subject:
Irrespective of subject combination, all students have an opening to obtain B.Sc. General Degree. However, Special degree programmes have prerequisites. The following table indicates the openings to special degree programmes for those who offer Pure Mathematics as a principal subject.
Subject Combinations  Subject Specialization Degrees 
Pure Mathematics
Applied Mathematics Statistics 
Mathematics Special
Statistics Special 
Pure Mathematics
Applied Mathematics Computer Science 
Mathematics Special
Computer Science Special 
Pure Mathematics
Applied Mathematics Physics 
Mathematics Special
Physics Special 
Pure Mathematics
Applied Mathematics Chemistry 
Mathematics Special
Chemistry Special 
Pure Mathematics
Statistics Computer Science 
Statistics Special
Computer Science Special

Pure Mathematics
Computer Science Physics 
Computer Science Special
Physics Special 
Pure Mathematics
Computer Science Chemistry 
Computer Science Special
Chemistry Special 
Principal Subject: Applied Mathematics
1.What is Applied Mathematics?
These days mathematics is applied almost everywhere. Applied Mathematics involves using mathematics to solve real world problems, in particular, problems in scientific research and in the development of new technology. Applied Mathematics also involves the development of new mathematical and computational tools.
Applied Mathematics education is based on courses that provide a strong mathematical and computational background, while offering a selection of courses in areas of application. These application areas are quite diverse, and reflect the research interests of members of the department.
2.Why should you pursue an education in Applied Mathematics?
In studying Applied Mathematics you will learn how to use a variety of mathematical and computational tools to solve problems in diverse fields, ranging from physics and engineering, to biology and medicine. You will develop the intellectual discipline and reasoning abilities needed to think through complex problems and develop sound practical solutions. A person with an education in Applied Mathematics is thus versatile and effective in meeting challenges in the workplace or in postgraduate education.
Education gives us not only knowledge, but also the ability to organize and use that knowledge profitably. Every Applied Mathematics course is geared toward providing the students with the ability to use a variety of mathematical and computational tools to solve problems in various fields.
3.Learning Objective of Applied Mathematics:
 Apply critical thinking and communication skills to solve applied problems.
 Use knowledge and skills necessary for immediate employment or acceptance into a graduate program.
 Maintain a core of mathematical and technical knowledge that is adaptable to changing technologies and provides a solid foundation for future learning.
4.Program Student Learning Outcomes:
 Apply mathematical concepts and principles to perform computations
 Apply mathematics to solve problems
 Create, use and analyze graphical representations of mathematical relationships
 Communicate mathematical knowledge and understanding
 Apply technology tools to solve problems
 Perform abstract mathematical reasoning
 Learn independently
5.Career Opportunities:
 Has a variety of career opportunities in industries, business and other places.
 Applied mathematics often done in conjunction with every discipline of science, engineering, technology, biology and economics, etc.
 Applied mathematics is an essential tools in the development of advances in science and technology.
 Goes well with teaching and/or research.
6.Course Units in Applied Mathematics (AMM)
Level 1G  
Course Code  Course Title  Credit Value  Contact hours  Notional hours  
Theory  Practical  
Semester 1  
AMM101G3  Applied Methods I  03  40  10  150 
AMM102G2  Mechanics I  02  30  100  
Semester 2  
AMM103G3  Applied Methods II  03  45  150  
AMM104G2  Mechanics II  02  30  100 
Level 2G  
Course Code  Course Title  Credit Value  Contact hours  Notional hours  
Theory  Practical  
Semester 1  
AMM201G3  Mathematical methods  03  45  150  
AMM202G2  Fluid Dynamics  02  30  100  
Semester 2  
AMM203G3  Linear Programming  03  40  10  150 
AMM204G2  Numerical Analysis  02  30  100 
Level 3G  
Course Code  Course Title  Credit Value  Contact hours  Notional hours  
Theory  Practical  
Semester 1  
AMM301G3  Mathematical Programming  03  45  150  
AMM302G3  Classical Mechanics  03  45  150  
Semester 2  
AMM303G2  Numerical Methods  02  30  100  
AMM304G2  Fluid Dynamics II  02  30  100  
AMM305G2  Mathematical Modeling  02  30  100 
7.Pathway with Applied Mathematics as a Principal Subject:
Upon successful completion of the necessary requirements the students are eligible for a B.Sc. General Degree irrespective of their subject choice. However, the Special Degree programmmes in science faculty have prerequisites. The following table indicates the possible choices of Special Degree programmes for a student who offers Applied Mathematics as a principal subject.
Subject Combinations 
Subject Specialization Degrees 
Applied Mathematics
Pure Mathematics Statistics 
Mathematics Special
Statistics Special 
Applied Mathematics
Pure Mathematics Computer Science 
Mathematics Special
Computer Science Special 
Applied Mathematics
Pure Mathematics Chemistry 
Mathematics Special
Chemistry Special 
Applied Mathematics
Pure Mathematics Physics 
Mathematics Special
Physics Special 
Applied Mathematics
Physics Computer Science 
Computer Science Special
Physics Special 
Applied Mathematics
Chemistry Computer Science 
Computer Science Special
Chemistry Special 
Applied Mathematics
Statistics Computer Science 
Computer Science Special 
B.Sc. Applied Science in Financial Mathematics and Industrial Statistics
Apart from the usual General and Special degree programs, the Department of Mathematics and Statistics of University of Jaffna runs a program in applied science leading to B.Sc. (Hons) in Applied Science in Financial Mathematics and Industrial Statistics.
Students, who offer Pure Mathematics and Statistics as principal subjects, at the end of their third year, can apply for the extended applied science degree program in Financial Mathematics and Industrial Statistics.
Students enroll for B.Sc. Applied Science in Financial Mathematics and Industrial Statistics should offer following subjects based course units amounting to 22 credits:
Course Units in Applied Science
Applied Science  
Course Code  Course Title  Credit Value  Contact hours  Notional hours  
Theory  Practical  
MMT401XS3  Financial Mathematics  03  45  150  
MMT402XS3  Actuarial Mathematics  03  45  150  
STA403XS3  Applied Multivariate Analysis for Real World Data  03  45  150  
STA404XS2  Advanced Statistical Computing  02  30  100  
MMT405XS3  Project Work  03  
STA406XS8  Industrial Training  08 
Staff Profile – Department of Mathematics and Statistics
Academic Staff
 Prof.V.Tharmaratnam (Emeritus Professor in Mathematics)
 Prof.S.Srisatkunarajah (Professor in Mathematics and Vice Chancellor)
 Prof. R.Vigneswaran (Professor in Mathematics)
 Mr.S.Selvarajan (Senior Lecturer in Mathematics)
 Mrs.N.Satkunanathan (Senior Lecturer in Statistics)
 Dr.S.Arivalzahan (Senior Lecturer in Statistics and the Head of the Department)
 Mr.A.Laheetharan (Senior Lecturer in Statistics)
 Dr.K.Kannan (Senior Lecturer in Mathematics)
 Dr.N.Varathan (Senior Lecturer in Statistics)
 Dr. N.Ramaruban (Senior Lecturer in Mathematics)
 Dr. R. Prasanthan (Senior Lecturer in Mathematics)
 Dr.T.Mathanaranjan (Senior Lecturer in Mathematics)
 Mr.M.Khokulan (Senior Lecturer in Mathematics)
 Dr.S.Arumairajan (Senior Lecturer in Statistics)
 Dr.B.Kethesan (Senior Lecturer in Mathematics)
 Mr.B.Muraleetharan (Senior Lecturer in Mathematics)
 Mr.M.Annanthakrishna (Senior Lecturer in Mathematics)
 Mr.R.Tharshan (Lecturer in Statistics)
 Mrs.T.Anuthrika (Lecturer in Statistics, on study leave)
 Mrs.J.Duwarahan (Lecturer in Statistics)
 Mr.M.Arunmaran (Lecturer in Mathematics, on study leave)
 Dr.S.Mayuran (Lecturer in Mathematics)
Supporting Staff
 Mrs.K.Nijanthini (Management Assistant)
 Mr.R.Krtheepan (Technical Officer)
 Mr.T.Nanthakobe (Technical Officer)
 Mr. A. Aravinthan (Laboratory Attendant)