Level – 1
Course units effective from academic year 2016/2017 to date
Course Code  AMM101G3 
Course Title  Applied Methods I 
Academic Credits  03 (40 hours of lectures and tutorials + 10 hours of practical) 
Objectives:  
· Introduce the fundamentals of vector algebra and vector calculus
· Enable the students to handle field operators and their applications · Provide various solution methods for solving first order differential equations 

Intended Learning Outcomes:  
· Recall the laws of vector algebra
· Apply vector algebra to geometry · Solve the first order separable differential equations · Determine the solution of homogeneous linear differential equations with constant coefficients · Solve the first order exact differential equations · Make use of integrating factor method to solve first order linear differential equations · Compute partial derivatives · Define field operators (del, curl, and div) · Relate field operators with physical/ geometrical properties · Determine the characteristics (curvature, tangent, normal, binormal, etc.) of space curve · Compute line integrals · Familiarize computational techniques for solving ordinary differential equations 

Syllabus Outline  
Contents:  
· Vector Algebra: Vectors, Scalars, Laws of Vector algebra Unit vectors, Scalar fields, Vector fields, Scalar products, Vector products, Triple products, Reciprocal of Vectors.
· First order Ordinary Differential Equations (ODE): Variable separable, homogeneous equations, exact equations, linear equations and Bernoulli equations. · Vector Calculus: Ordinary derivatives of vectors, Space curves, Differentiation formula, Partial derivatives of vectors, Differential of vectors, Differential Geometry, The vector differential operators, del, Gradient, Divergence, Curl, Formula involving del, Invariance, Ordinary integral of vectors, Line integrals. · Computational Solution of First Order ODE: Getting started with MATLAB, Doing Mathematics using MATLAB. MFiles, MATLAB Interface, Workspace, Working directory, Command window Script mfiles and function mfiles. The builtin MATLAB commands for solving ordinary differential equation. 

Teaching Methods:  
· Lectures, Tutorials, Handouts, Problem solving, Use of eresources  
Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse Assessments 25%
· Practical Exam on MATLAB 05% · Endofcourse Examination 70% 

Recommended Readings:  
· Vector Analysis, Spiegel. M, Lipschutz. S and Spellman. D., 2^{nd} Edition, Schaum’s outline series, McGrawHill Education, 2009.
· Introduction to Vector Analysis, Davis. H. F, and Snider. A. D, 3^{rd} Edition, Allyn and Bacon inc, Boston, 1979. · An Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations, Earl. A. Coddington, Dover Publication, Inc., New York, 1989. · Elementary Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems, William E. Boyce, Richard C. Diprima John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 1984. · Elementary Differential Equations with Applications, William R. Derrick, Stanley I. Grossman AddisonWesley Publishing Company, 1981. 
Course Code  AMM102G2 
Course Title  Mechanics I 
Academic Credits  02 (30 hours of lectures and tutorials) 
Objectives:  
· Introduce the fundamentals of particle dynamics and rigid body motion
· Familiarize with equilibrium problems of flexible strings and chains 

Intended Learning Outcomes:  
· Relate the physical quantities in different coordinate system
· Develop equation of motion for varying mass problems · Solve problems concerning varying mass anddamped motion on a space curve · Solve problems concerning oblique impact. · Recall the physical quantities associated with the system of particles · Derive equation of catenary for flexible string/chain · Solve the equilibrium problems of flexible chain 

Syllabus Outline  
Contents:  
· Physical Quantities in Different Coordinate Systems: Frame of reference, Inertial frames, Forces, Velocity, Acceleration, Linear momentum, Angular velocity, Angular acceleration, Angular momentum.
· Dynamics of a Particle with one Degree of Freedom: Motion in a straight line under variable forces, Motion under gravity in a resisting medium, The rectilinear motion of bodies with variable mass, Particle motion on space curve, Damped harmonic Oscillations, Forced oscillations · Dynamics of a Particle with two Degrees of Freedom: Oblique impact of elastic bodies. · Moment of Inertia: Moments and product of inertia, Parallel axes theorem, Perpendicular axes theorem for moments and product and product of inertia, Principle axes and principle moments of inertia of a system of particles, Rotating coordinate systems, Infinitesimal rotation. · The Motion of a System of Particlesgeneral Theorems: The motion of the centre of mass, Motion about the centre of mass, Motion generated by simultaneously applied impulses. · Flexible Chains and Strings: Equation of catenary, Various relations for common catenary, Equilibrium of light string on a smooth plane curve, light string on a rough plane curve, heavy string on a smooth plane curve and heavy string on a rough plane curve. 

Teaching Methods:  
· Lecture by Lecturer and small group tutorial discussions by instructor  
Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse assessment 30%
· End of course Examination 70% 

Recommended Readings:  
· Introduction to Classical Mechanics, Takwale R.G. and Puranik P.S., TataMcGraw Hill, 1979.
· Classical Mechanics, Goldstein H., Norosa Publishing House, 2000. · Statics: A Text book for the use of the Higher Divisions in Schools and for First Year Students at the Universities, Ramsey A. S., Cambridge University Press, 2009. 
Course Code  AMM103G3 
Course Title  Applied Methods II 
Academic Credits  03 (45 hours of lectures and tutorials) 
Objectives:  
· Provide the fundamentals of surface and volume integrals. Enable the students to handle integral theorems
· Introduce integral theorems · Familiarize curvilinear coordinate systems · Acquainted with appropriate solution methods of linear differential equations 

Intended Learning Outcomes:  
· Compute surface, and volume integrals
· Characterize conservative and Solenoidal fields · Recall integral transformation theorems · Illustrate the integral theorems with examples · Illustrate the application of integral transformation theorems · Solve linear homogeneous ordinary differential equations · Solve first order linear partial differential equations 

Syllabus Outline  
Contents:  
· Vector Integrals: Surface integrals, Volume integrals.
· Integrals Theorems: The divergence theorem of Gauss, Stokes theorem, Green’s theorem in the plane, Related integral theorems, Integral operator form for del. · Curvilinear Coordinates: Transformation of coordinates, Orthogonal curvilinear coordinates, Unit vectors in curvilinear systems, Arc length and volume elements, Gradient, Divergent and Curl, Special orthogonal coordinates systems. · Higher Order Differential Equations: Second order equations with constant coefficients, computation of particular integrals using differential operators, undetermined coefficient method and variation of parameter method. · Partial Differential Equations: Introduction to partial differential equations, Formation and classification of partial differential equations, Solution methods for first order partial differential equations. 

Teaching Methods:  
· Lectures, Tutorials, Handouts, Problem solving, Use of eresources  
Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse Assessments 30%
· Endofcourse Examination 70% 

Recommended Readings:  
· Vector Analysis, Spiegel. M, Lipschutz. S and Spellman. D., 2^{nd} Edition, Schaum’s outline series, McGrawHill Education, 2009.
· Introduction to Vector Analysis, Davis. H. F, and Snider. A. D, 3^{rd} Edition, Allyn and Bacon inc, Boston, 1979. · An Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations, Earl. A. Coddington, Dover Publication, Inc., New York, 1989. · Elementary Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems, William E. Boyce, Richard C. Diprima John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 1984. · Elementary Differential Equations with Applications, William R. Derrick, Stanley I. Grossman AddisonWesley Publishing Company, 1981. 
Course Code  AMM104G2 
Course Title  Mechanics II 
Academic Credits  02 (30 hours of lectures and tutorials) 
Objectives:  
· Introduce the fundamentals of motion under central force and dynamics of a rigid body
· Familiarize the concept of shearing force and bending moment · Provide the techniques to compute the deflection of an elastic beam 

Intended Learning Outcomes:  
· Discuss translation/rotation motion in two dimension
· Classify the equation of angular motion of a rigid body · Formulate general motion of a rigid lamina in its own plane · Determine bending moment and shearing force of a straight beam · Use Bernoulli’s Euler’s law to find the deflection of an elastic beam · Apply Clapeyron’s equation to find the bending moment of a beam 

Syllabus Outline  
Contents:  
· Motion under Central Force Polar Coordinate: A central orbit is a plane curve, the angular momentum integral, the theorem of areas.
The motion of connected particles, two dimensional motion of a projectile in a resisting medium · An Introduction to the Dynamics of a Rigid Body: Rotation of a lamina about a fixed axis, Momentum and energy equations for angular motion of a lamina, Compound pendulum, Force exerted on the axis of rotation, Impulse and angular momentum, Relation between the equations of angular motion of a rigid body and the equations of motion of a particle moving in a straight line, Motion of a lamina in its own planeinstantaneous centre of rotation, General motion of a rigid lamina in its own plane. · Bending of Beams: Shearing force of a beam and shearing force diagram, Bending moment of a beam and bending moment diagram, Relation between shearing force and bending moment, Equilibrium of slightly elastic beams, Bending moment of slightly elastic beam, Bernoulli’s Euler’s law for bending moment of slightly elastic beam, Differential equations of equilibrium of thin beams with various types of loads, Clapeyron’s equation of three moments. 

Teaching Methods:  
· Lecture by Lecturer and small group tutorial discussions by instructor  
Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse assessment 30%
· End of course Examination 70% 

Recommended Readings:  
· Classical Mechanics, Taylor J.R., University Science books, 2005.
· Engineering Mechanics: Statics, Meriam. L. J. and Kraige. G. L., Willey, 2004. Hibbeler. R.C., Engineering Mechanics: Statics, Pearson, 2013. 
Level – 2
Course units effective from academic year 2016/2017 to date
Course Code  AMM201G3  
Course Title  Mathematical Methods  
Credit Value  03  
Hourly Breakdown 
Theory  Practical  Independent Learning 
45  —  105  
Objectives:  
· Acquainted with the solution by series method to solve Ordinary Differential Equations and introduce Special Functions
· Introduce the concepts of P.D.E’s and solve linear P.D.E’s · Imparting the fundamentals and applications of Fourier series, Fourier transform and Laplace transforms 

Intended Learning Outcomes:  
· Solve O.D.E’s by solution of series method
· Recall the elementary special functions · Solve linear P.D.E’s with constant coefficients · Determine the Fourier series representation of periodic functions · Recall the properties of Fourier series · Define the Fourier transform and inverse transform · Discuss the fundamental properties of the Fourier transform · Solve Initial Boundary Value Problems using the Fourier series / Fourier transform · Define the Laplace transform. · Use the Laplace transform / techniques to solve Initial Boundary Value Problems 

Course Contents:  
Series solutions for linear differential equations with variable coefficients: Ordinary and singular points, Power series solutions about ordinary and regular singular points, Convergence of power series solutions, Method of Frobenius: Indicial equation, Recurrence relation, General solution.
Special functions: an Introduction Gamma functions, Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials and functions. Partial Differential Equations: Introduction of P.D.E: Linear P.D.E, Superpossion of solutions, Auxiliary equation, Complementary function, Particular Integral, Examples and Applications. Fourier series and integrals: Fourier series, Half range Fourier sine and cosine series, Parseval’s identity, Fourier integrals, Fourier transforms, Properties of Fourier transforms, Applications to Boundary Value Problems. Laplace Transforms: Laplace transforms and its properties, Inverse Laplace transforms, Applications to solving ordinary and partial differential equations. 

Teaching Methods:  
· Lectures, Tutorials, Handouts, Problem solving, Use of eresources  
Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse Assessments 30%
· Endofcourse Examination 70% 

Recommended Readings:  
· William E. Boyce, Richard C. Diprima, Elementary Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2001.
· M.D.Raisinghania, Advance Differential Equations, Chand & Company Ltd. Ramnagar, New Delhi, 2001. · A. Donald, Mathematical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, McQuarrie, Univ Science Books; 1st edition, 2003. · E. Zauderer, Partial Differential Equations of Applied Mathematics, third edition, John Wiley, 2006. 
Course Code  AMM202G2  
Course Title  Fluid Dynamics  
Credit Value  02  
Prerequisites  AMM101G3, AMM103G3  
Hourly Breakdown 
Theory  Practical  Independent Learning 
30  —  70  
Objectives:  
· Introduce the fundamental concept of fluid dynamics with special emphasis on pressure equation, circulation, drag and lifts 2D ideal irrotational flow and water waves  
Intended Learning Outcomes:  
· Recall the applied mathematical tools that support fluid dynamics
· Prove the equation of continuity and Euler’s equation of motion · Apply Bernoulli’s equation to flow problems · Discuss possible motion and bounding surfaces · Solve expanding bubble problems · Discuss 2D ideal irrotational flow · Determine complex potential in the presence of circular cylinder and long wall · Applying Blasius’s theorem to compute the net force · Discuss the water wave problems 

Course Contents:  
Euler’s Equation, Bernoulli’s theorem, vorticity and circulation, Kelvin’s theorem. Irrotational incompressible flow: velocity potential, stream functions and complex potentials for 2D flow, line sources, vortices, superposition, circle theorem, Blasius’s theorem uniform flow past a circular cylinder, flow past a bubble, circulation, drag andlift, flow past a flat wing theorem
Uniform flow past a circular cylinder, flow past a bubble, circulation, drag andlift, flow past a flat wing. Water Waves: 1D free boundary problems, progressive waves, infinite and finite depth, wave speed, dispersion and group velocity. Incompressible Newtonian fluids: introduction of concepts, viscosity, Reynolds number and turbulence. 

Teaching Methods:  
· Lectures, tutorial discussions and elearning  
Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse assessment 30%
· End of course Examination 70% 

Recommended Readings:  
· M.D. Raisinghana, Fluid Dynamics, 2010.
· J.Williams,Fluid Mechanics, problem solvers, 2014. · G.K.Batchelor, An introduction to Fluid Dynamics, Cambridge university press, 2000. · J. Alexandre, Mathematical Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, springer publication, 2000.

Course Code  AMM203G3  
Course Title  Linear Programming  
Credit Value  03  
Prerequisites  PMM201G3 and PMM204G2  
Hourly Breakdown 
Theory  Practical  Independent Learning 
40  10  100  
Objectives:  
· Develop a strong knowledge in theoretical concepts of linear programming problems and simplex methods
· Enable the students to solve transportation, assignment and network problems and perform sensitive analysis 

Intended Learning Outcomes:  
· Recall the basic principles in the optimization
· Solve simple linear programming problems by graphical method · Demonstrate skills in applying simplex methods · Discuss primal and dual relationships with applications · Solve real world problems by applying acquired techniques · Perform sensitivity analysis · Utilize the special algorithms to solve transportation and assignment problems · Find the shortest route and maximum flow in Network problems 

Course Contents:  
Preliminaries: optimization under constrains, representation of constrains, geometry of linear programming, extreme points and optimality, basic solutions, efficiency of algorithms.
Simplex method: un boundedness, degeneracy, bigM method, duality, primaldual relationship, dual simplex methods, the revised simplex methods, sensitive analysis. Transportation and Assignment problems: formulating transportation problems, finding basic solutions, simplex method for transportation problems, assignment problems, transshipment problems and special algorithms. Network: shortest route problems, maximum flow problems, project scheduling, spanning trees. 

Teaching Methods:  
· Lectures, Tutorial discussions, Practical, Handouts and Selflearning guides.  
Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse assessment 30%
· End of course Examination 70% 

Recommended Readings:  
· K.P.C.Edwin and H.Z.Stanislaw, An Introduction to Optimization, Wiley – Interscience publication, 2001.
· W.L.Winston and M.Venkataramanan, Introduction to Mathematical Programming, Thomson Brooks, 2003. · V. Steven, Mathematical Programming, Dover Publications Ins.,2009. · W.L.Walter, Introduction to Mathematical Programming, Pearson Education Company, 1999. 
Course Code  AMM204G2  
Course Title  Numerical Analysis  
Credit Value  02  
Hourly Breakdown 
Theory  Practical  Independent Learning 
30  —  70  
Objectives:  
· Enable the students to familiarize with fundamental concepts of Numerical Analysis
· Develop knowledge and skills in computer Arithmetic, iterative methods to solve nonlinear equations, interpolating techniques to find zeros of polynomials and Numerical Integration methods 

Intended Learning Outcomes:  
· Convert a number from one base to another using Hornor Algorithm
· Determine the quotient and remainder in a polynomial division using Hornor algorithm · Recall rounding and chopping · Establish the relationship between the number of real zeros of a polynomial and the Sturm sequence · Apply bisection method to find roots · Discuss the convergence of the fixed point iteration · Establish the convergence of Newton’s iteration · Apply Newton’s iteration to compute the zero of a given function · Discuss interpolation methods · Establish the error bound in interpolation · Recall Numerical integrating methods · Evaluate definite integrals using numerical integration methods · Evaluate error bounds integration methods 

Course Contents:  
Round Off Errors and Computer Arithmetic: Different number bases, Fixed point number representation, Floating point number representation, Rounding, Chopping, Relative error, Absolute error, Error bounds in rounding/chopping.
Solution of Equations in one variable: Sturm sequences: Construction, Locating zeros; Bisection Method: Convergence, Error bounds, Fixed Point iteration: Contraction mapping theorem, Existence and uniqueness of fixed point, Convergence; Newton’s method: Convergence, Error bounds; Rate of Convergence: Comparison of rate of convergence, Accelerating the convergence. Interpolation and Polynomial Approximation: Interpolation: Existence and Uniqueness, Lagrange Polynomial, Lagrange interpolation, Divided differences, Newton’s interpolation, Error analysis in interpolation. Numerical Integration: Trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s rule, Composite Trapezoidal rule, Composite Simpson’s rule, Error Analysis in numerical integration. 

Teaching Methods:  
· Lectures, Tutorial discussions, Handouts, Selflearning guides and Eresources  
Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse Assessments: 30%
· Endofcourse Examination: 70% 

Recommended Readings:  
· Richard. L. Burden and J. Douglas Fairies, Numerical Analysis, Brooks/Cole, 2010.
· E. Isaacson and H. B. Keller, Analysis of Numerical Methods, Dover, 1994. · F. Scheid, Numerical Analysis: Schaum’s Outline Series, McGrawHill, 1989. · H. F. Hildebrand, Introduction to Numerical Analysis, Dover, 1987. 
Level – 3
Course units effective from academic year 2016/2017 to date
Course Code  AMM301G3  
Course Title  Mathematical Programming  
Credit Value  03  
Prerequisites  AMM203G3  
Hourly Breakdown 
Theory  Practical  Independent Learning 
45  —  105  
Objectives:  
· Introduce Mathematical Programming theory and models.
· Enable to investigate and apply standard linear and nonlinear programming problems. 

Intended Learning Outcomes:  
· Apply dynamic programming technique to certain types of Mathematical Programming problem
· Solve deterministic programming problems using dynamic programming algorithm · Construct the goal programming model problems · Solve goal programming problems using modified simplex method · Discuss the solution method of unconstrained nonlinear extremum problems · Apply Lagrangian Multipliers method and KarushKuhnTucker (KKT) conditions to find local minimizers · Solve fractional programming problems by modifying them into linear programming problems · Utilize Wolfe’s algorithm for solving quadratic programming problems · Apply separable programming algorithm to solve nonlinear programming problems 

Course Contents:  
Introduction to Mathematical Programming: History of Mathematical Programming, standard form, examples, successful applications and utility.
Dynamic programming: Stage, State, Recursive equation, Developing optimal decision policy, Bellman’s principal of optimality, characteristics of deterministic dynamic programming, solving linear programming problem using dynamic programming approach. Goal programming: Difference between linear programming and Goal programming approach, Model formulation, objectives of preemptive and nonpreemptive programming, Modified Simplex method. Nonlinear programming: Fundamentals of optimization, types of problems, Optimality conditions for unconstrained and constrained problems, Lagrangian Multipliers method and KarushKuhnTucker conditions, Fractional programming, convert the Fractional programming problem into linear programming problem, Quadratic programming, Wolfe’s algorithm, Wolfe’s modified simplex method, Separable programming, separable function, piece wise linear approximation of separable nonlinear programming problem, Separable programming algorithm. 

Teaching Methods:  
· Lectures, Tutorials, Handouts, Problem solving, Use of eresources  
Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse Assessments 30%
· Endofcourse Examination 70% 

Recommended Readings:  
· W. L. Winston, Introduction of Mathematical Programming Applications and Algorithms, Duxbury press, California, 1995.
· F. S. Hillier and G. J. Lieberman, Introduction to Operations Research, 7^{th} edition, McGrawHill, New York, 2001. · H. A. Taha, Operations Research an Introduction, 8^{th} edition, Pearson Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2007. 
Course Code  AMM302G3  
Course Title  Classical Mechanics  
Credit Value  03  
Prerequisites  AMM101G3, AMM102G2, AMM103G3 and AMM104G2  
Hourly Breakdown 
Theory  Practical  Independent Learning 
45  —  105  
Objectives:  
· Impart the principles and laws of classical mechanics
· Enable to derive the governing equations for standard systems, including the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations · Introduce the application of classical mechanics to standard rigid body problems and rotating systems 

Intended Learning Outcomes:  


Course Contents:  
Motion of a particle: Equation of motion, components of velocity and acceleration in cylindrical coordinates and in spherical polar coordinates, Finite displacements, Infinitesimal displacements, rate of change of displacement referred to rotating axes and motion relative to earth. Motion of a rigid body: Definitions of moments of inertia and products of inertia, Radius of gyration, Moment of inertia with respect to a variable line, The momental ellipsoid , Principal axes and principal moments of inertia, Equations of motion of a rigid body, Euler’s equation of motion and applications. Lagrange’s equations: Degrees of freedom, Generalized coordinates, Generalized velocity, Holonomic and nonHolonomic systems, virtual displacement, virtual work, D’Alembert’s principle, Generalized force, Expression for Lagrangian, solving Lagrange’s equations of motion, Application. Lagrange’s equations for impulsive motion: Formulation and elementary applications. Hamilton’s Equations: Equations of motion, Applications, Canonical transformations. Motion of spinning top: Eulerian angles, type of motions – Precession, Nutation and Spin, Equations of motion. 

Teaching Methods:  


Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse Assessments 30%
· Endofcourse Examination 70% 

Recommended Readings:  
· C. E. Easthope, Three Dimensional Dynamics, 2^{nd} edition, Butterworth & Co. Ltd., London, 1964.
· R. Douglas Gregory, Classical Mechanics, Cambridge University Press, 2006. · H. Goldstein, C. Poole and J. Safko, Classical Mechanics, 3^{rd} edition, Addison Wesley, 2000. · D. A. Wells, Lagrangian Dynamics, Schaum’s outline series, McGrawHill, Inc., 1967. 
Course Code  AMM303G2  
Course Title  Numerical Methods  
Credit Value  02  
Prerequisites  None  
Hourly Breakdown 
Theory  Practical  Independent Learning 
30  —  70  
Objectives:  
· Acquaint with the numerical methods for solving large systems of linear equations
· Familiarize the underlying mathematical concepts of computer aided numerical algorithms · Enable to solve differential equations by using numerical methods 

Intended Learning Outcomes:  


Course Contents:  
Elimination Methods: Linear algebra Review, Gaussian Elimination, LU factorization, Operations count, Pivoting, PLU factorization, types of solutions
Error Analysis: Vector and Matrix norms, perturbation, perturbation bounds, residual, residual bounds, iterative refinement Iterative Methods: Construction of iterative algorithms, Jacobi Method, Gauss Seidel Method, convergence, conditioning Numerical Methods for Differential Equations: Differential Equations Review, Initial Value problems, Euler Methods, Linear Multistep methods, order, consistency, convergence, stability. 

Teaching Methods:  
· Lectures, Tutorials, Handouts, Problem solving, eresources  
Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse Assessments 30%
· Endofcourse Examination 70% 

Recommended Readings:  

Course Code  AMM304G2  
Course Title  Fluid Dynamics II  
Credit Value  02  
Prerequisites  AMM101G3, AMM103G3 and AMM202G2  
Hourly Breakdown 
Theory  Practical  Independent Learning 
30  —  70  
Objectives:  
· Introduce the fundamentals of Hydrostatics and its applications
· Formulate the constitutive equations of Hydrodynamics · Provide the solution methods for fluid mechanics problems 

Intended Learning Outcomes:  
· Define the center of pressure
· Determine center of pressure and pressure on immersed bodies · Recall the elements of Hydrodynamics · Outline the laws of thermodynamics · Formulate the constitutive equations of Fluid motion · Explain the driven flows and rotating flows · Analyze the fundamentals of water waves · Discuss the nature of incompressible Newtonian turbulent flows 

Course Contents:  
Hydrostatics:
Definition of center of pressure, Formula for finding center of pressure, Center of pressure on certain type of objects and illustrative examples, effect of further immersion, Liquids more than one, The center of pressure of a plane area lies vertically beneath the center of the superincumbent fluid. Hydrodynamics: Fundamentals of fluid mechanics: Microscopic and macroscopic properties of liquids and gases, the continuum hypothesis, review of thermodynamics, general equations of motion, surface gravity waves, buoyancy – driven flows, rotating flows. Water Waves: 1D free boundary problems, progressive waves, infinite and finite depth, wave speed, dispersion and group velocity. Incompressible Newtonian fluids: introduction of concepts, viscosity, Reynolds number and turbulence. 

Teaching Methods:  
· Lectures, tutorial discussions and eresources  
Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse Assessments 30%
· Endofcourse Examination 70% 

Recommended Readings:  
· M. D. Raisinghana, Fluid Dynamics, S. Chand Publishing, 2003.
· J. Williams, Fluid Mechanics, problem solvers, George Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1974. · J. Alexandre, A mathematical Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Springer, 1993. · M. Ray and H. S. Sharma, A text book of Hydrostatics Sultan Chand & Company, 2000. · P. Kundu and I. Cohen, Fluid mechanics, Academic Press, 2011. 
Course Code  AMM305G2  
Course Title  Mathematical Modeling  
Credit Value  02  
Prerequisites  None  
Hourly Breakdown 
Theory  Practical  Independent Learning 
30  —  70  
Objectives:  
· Provide knowledge and skills to build mathematical models of realworld problems, analyze them and make predictions about behavior of problems taken from physics, biology, chemistry, economics and other fields.  
Intended Learning Outcomes:  
· Recall the modeling techniques for real world problems
· Describe the mathematical model for given word problems · Sketch the solution of the formulated model problems involving Differential equations · Analyze the solution and behavior of Differential equation models · Modify the simple models for the change of environment · Solve single species population models · Discuss interacting two species population models · Analyze selected Models and Case studies 

Course Contents:  
Introduction: Basic approach of Mathematical Modeling, its needs, types of models and limitations, setting up mathematical models for simple problems in words.
Differential Equations: Direction field, solution sketch, phase portrait, equilibrium solution, stability. Single species population models: Basic concepts, Exponential growth model, formulation, solution, interpretation and limitations, Compensation and dispensation, Logistic growth model, formulation, solution, interpretation and limitations. Two species population models: Types of interaction between two species. LotkaVolterra preypredator model, formulation, solution, interpretation and limitations. LotkaVolterra model of two competing species, formulation, solution, interpretation and limitations. Selected Models and Case studies: Models from Biology/Medicine/Social Science/Engineering/Physics – Especially epidemic model, SIR model, diffusion model, combat model, discrete models, election model. 

Teaching Methods:  
· Lectures, Tutorial discussions, Handouts and eresources.  
Assessment/ Evaluation Details:  
· Incourse assessment 30%
· End of course Examination 70% 

Recommended Readings:  
· M. Braun, C. S. Coleman, and D. A. Drew, Vol. 1, Vol. 2 and Vol.3 – Differential Equation Models, SpringerVerlag, New York, 1983.
· W. Meyer, Concepts of Mathematical Modeling, McGraw Hill, New York, 1994.
· Moghadas, S. M. and Douraki, M. J., Mathematical Modeling: A Graduate Textbook, Wiley, 2018. · Tung, K. K., Topics in Mathematical Modeling, illustrated edition, Princeton University Press, 2007. · Meerschaert, M. M., Mathematical Modeling, 2^{nd} edition, Academic Press, 1999.
